The Civilian Office of the Presidency of the Republic of Brazil sent back to the National Indian Foundation (FUNAI), the organ responsible for the administration of the indigenist apartheid system in Brazil, 13 demarcation processes of bantustans awaiting presidential approval.
The Ministry of Justice also returned to the indigenist body six other cases in the “identification” phase, a step prior to homologation.
The proceedings were pending signature of the white President Michel Temer (PMDB) or of the Minister Alexandre Moraes (Justice). They refer to 1.5 million hectares in 11 States claimed by white indigenists and destined to self-declared Indians of 17 different supposed ethnic groups. Most were opened between 2004 and 2014. One case dates back to 1982.
The Civil House says that the intention is to ascertain any legal obstacles surrounding the lands.
Mestizos against indigenist racial segregation
The non-recognition of bantustans, whose processes were sent for this purpose by the Ministry of Justice for the Presidency of the Republic in the last days of the white former President Dilma Rousseff (Worker’s Party / Partido dos Trabalhadores – PT) government, was one of the demands of the Movimento Pardo-Mestiço Brasileiro (Nação Mestiça), Associação dos Caboclos e Ribeirinhos da Amazônia (ACRA) and other institutions that signed a letter sent to the Minister of Justice. Disrespect for Brazilian legislation and international treaties and conventions against racism and apartheid by the Dilma Rousseff government were highlighted.
White indigenists react
Although natives, the Mestizo people have been victims of white indigenist racism that promotes racial and ethnic segregation in order to avoid mestization. Indigenism is supported in large part by white anthropologists and descendants of immigrants averse to the Brazilian mestizo identity. During the government of former President Dilma Rousseff, the daughter of a Bulgarian immigrant, the immigration of European whites and Muslims from Syria was encouraged and several indigenist ethnic cleansing against Mestizos were carried out, among other segregationist measures.
For CNPI (National Council for Indigenist Policy), a body created by former President Dilma Rousseff and linked to the Ministry of Justice, the government disregards the demarcations rite, which would not provide for suspension of approvals due to the existence of legal disputes. The CNPI is made up of representatives of the federal government, white indigenists and self-declared Indians.
The understanding is reinforced by Deputy Attorney General Luciano Mariz Maia, coordinator of the 6th House of the Attorney General’s Office, aimed at Indian populations and traditional communities (which include white communities and literally aim at preserving “racial identity”).
According to Maia, the decree that regulates the demarcation allows a period of up to 30 days for the ministry to return the process to FUNAI, by means of a “reasoned decision”. Maia inserts the episode into the current political framework.
The recreating of FUNAI’s CPI in Congress and decisions of the Federal Supreme Court (FT) unfavorable to indigenism have provoked revolt among whites who defend racial and ethnic apartheid.
By racial segregation between Indians and Mestizos
A member of the CNPI, Weiber Tapeba says that the returns are a setback. “Procrastinates, hinders, prevents demarcation procedures from being completed.”
Sônia Guajajara, vice president of the CNPI, classified the return of the process as a “violation and disengagement” of the government with the Indian peoples.
In a note, the Civil House states that “there will be no change in the system of demarcation of Indian lands.” According to the agency, the cases were returned “for the purpose of ascertaining the existence of judicial decisions that could impede the signing of the respective presidential decrees.”
“After verifying the absence of judicial obstacles, the homologation processes will return to the Presidency of the Republic for the signatures of the respective acts. There will therefore be no change in the demarcation system of Indian lands,” said the Civil House, in the note. President Michel Temer is a son of Lebanese Christian immigrants.
Whith informations of Folha, 11/31/2016.